According to the declaration of Poland’s climate minister, Poland will start building its first nuclear power plant in 2026, with a capacity of 1.0-1.5 gigawatts and fhe facility is expected to be operational by 2033.
For the Polish government, nuclear energy is a solution to wean the country off coal, which currently accounts for almost 80% of energy production, the highest level in the European Union.
The share of coal should therefore fall to around 60% by 2030, while carbon emissions are meant to be cut by 30% over the next decade, relative to 1990 levels.
As part of this transition, the Polish government intends to have six operational nuclear blocks by 2040. The first power plant’s construction is supposed to start on 2026 and to be effective in 2033 said Poland’s climate minister.
The aim of this transition toward nuclear power is not only to “accelerate carbon emissions reduction”, but also to help Poland to ensure energy security by reducing reliance on hydrocarbon imports, which include notable amounts of Russian coal and gas.
The cost of the reactors are expected to amount more than PLN 100 billion (EUR 22.5 billion).